Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems Major (B.A.)

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The Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems is designed for students interested in obtaining a well-rounded education in this field.  As compared with the B.S. degree, the B.A. degree offers more flexibility to take courses from a variety of disciplines or to pursue a dual degree, second major or minor.

The SAFS B.A. program structure includes FOUR major components: foundation courses, courses in a student-designed emphasis area, program elective courses, and a capstone.

Foundation courses include 36 credits, which satisfy 5 of the University Discovery requirements. You must earn a minimum grade of C- in these courses.

Student-Designed Emphasis courses include 20 credits that make up a cohesive emphasis or focus area. Courses may be selected from the List of Approved Program Electives, but do not need to be on that list. An appropriate group of courses transferred from a completed 2-year program such as TSAS could serve as an emphasis area. Each student will define their emphasis area in consultation with their advisor and submit it to the SAFS program committee for approval prior to the start of their 6th semester.

Program Elective courses include 20 credits, chosen from the List of Approved Program Elective courses.

A Capstone experience is a University requirement. Capstone experiences may include formal coursework, pre-approved honors theses or mentored research projects or other special activities that address appropriate and relevant aspects of the capstone experience. This must take place during the senior year.

Of the Student-Designed Emphasis and Program Elective courses, at least 16 credits (not counting the capstone) must be earned at the 600-700 level. Further, at least 4 credits must qualify as Experiential

Foundation Courses 136
Animal Agriculture Today
Introduction to Animal Science
Applied Biostatistics I
Statistical Methods and Applications
Introductory Chemistry for Life Sciences
General Chemistry I
Environmental and Resource Economics Perspectives
Principles of Economics (Micro)
Studio Soils
Food and Society
Nutrition in Health and Well Being
From Seed to Sea: Examining Sustainable Food Systems
Sustainable Agriculture and Food Production
Introductory Horticulture
Student-Designed Emphasis Area 2, 320
Select 20 credits from the approved electives list.
Program Electives 2, 320
Select 20 credits from the approved electives list.
Senior Capstone 4
Select one from the following:
Advanced Topics in Sustainable Agriculture
Food Production Field Experience I
and Food Production Field Experience II
Honors Senior Thesis
Cooperative for Real Education in Agricultural Management (CREAM)
EcoGastronomy Capstone (EcoGastronomy majors)

Students are required to earn 36 credits of foundation courses, which will provide them with fundamental knowledge in disciplines relevant to agricultural production and management. Most of these courses are offered by departments in the College of Life Sciences and Agriculture.


Of the emphasis and program elective courses, at least 20 credits (not counting the capstone) must be earned at the 600 or 700 level. Four credits must qualify as experiential (indicated on the list of approved electives).


Students select a cohesive group of courses from the approved electives list; additional relevant courses may be considered. Students will define their emphasis area and submit it to the SAFS program advisory committee for approval prior to the start of their seventh semester or fourth year.


Capstone experiences may include formal coursework, pre-approved honors theses or mentored research projects, or other special student activities accepted by the SAFS program.

University Requirements

In addition to meeting the SAFS major requirements, students must satisfy all University requirements including those that pertain to the minimum number of credits, grade-point average, writing-intensive courses, the Discovery Program, and foreign language (only for B.A. students).

Approved Electives

Animal Courses
AAS 402Introduction to Livestock and Poultry Management2
AAS 421Large Animal Behavior and Handling Techniques2
AAS 423Dairy Selection2
AAS 424Animal Law and Regulations3
AAS 425Introduction to Dairy Herd Management4
AAS 431Introduction to Animal Science4
AAS 432Introduction to Forage and Grassland Management3
AAS 439Fundamentals of Animal Health2
AAS 535Animal Nutrition3
AAS 540Animal Breeding3
AAS 574Dairy Cattle Disease Seminar2
ANSC 510Integration of Culture and Agriculture in Ireland: Past, Present, and Future2 or 4
ANSC 602Animal Rights and Societal Issues4
ANSC 609Principles of Animal Nutrition4
ANSC 612Genetics of Domestic Animals4
ANSC 650Dairy Industry Travel Course1
ANSC 698Cooperative for Real Education in Agricultural Management (CREAM)4
ANSC 701Physiology of Reproduction4
ANSC 708Ruminant Nutritional Physiology3
ANSC 710Dairy Nutrition4
ANSC 715Physiology of Lactation4
ANSC 724Reproductive Management and Artificial Insemination4
ANSC 727Advanced Dairy Management I4
ANSC 728Advanced Dairy Management II4
ZOOL 610Principles of Aquaculture4
ZOOL 710Ichthyology4
ZOOL 772Fisheries Biology3
ZOOL 773Physiology of Fish4
Business/Technical Practices/Policy Courses
ABM 404A
ABM 404B
Introduction to Business I
and Introduction to Business II
ABM 407Applied Marketing4
ABM 506Human Resource Management4
AAS 546Animal Business Applications4
EREC 601Agribusiness Economics and Management4
EREC 680Agricultural and Food Policy4
EREC 760Ecological-Economic Modeling for Decision Making4
Environment Courses
BIOL 541General Ecology4
CHE 410Energy and Environment4
CEP 415Community Development Perspectives4
GEOG 670Climate and Society4
NR 435Contemporary Conservation Issues and Environmental Awareness4
NR 504Freshwater Resources4
NR 621Field Description of Soils3
NR 650Principles of Conservation Biology4
NR 701Ecological Sustainability and Values4
NR 706Soil Ecology4
NR 735Land Conservation Principles and Practices4
NR 760Geographic Information Systems in Natural Resources4
NR 761Environmental Soil Chemistry4
NR 765Community Ecology4
NR 785Systems Thinking for Sustainable Solutions4
NR 795Investigations (Topic: Soil Fertility and the Environment, 4cr)1-4
SAFS 729Agricultural Waste Management4
Experiential Courses
SAFS 733Advanced Topics in Sustainable Agriculture4
SAFS 795Investigations1-4
SAFS 799Honors Senior Thesis1-4
ANSC 795Investigations1-4
NUTR 795Investigations1-4
Food/Nutrition Courses
CAN 407Hospitality Sanitation and Safety1
CAN 422Cuisine and Culture4
CAN 528Culinary Nutrition2
ECOG 401Introduction to Ecogastronomy4
HMGT 403Introduction to Food Management4
HMGT 570International Food and Culture4
BMS 503General Microbiology3
NUTR 400Nutrition in Health and Well Being4
NUTR 550Food Science: Principle and Practice4
NUTR 720Community Nutrition4
NUTR 730From Seed to Sea: Examining Sustainable Food Systems4
Forest Courses
FORT 564Arboriculture3
FORT 576Forest Products4
FORT 577Forest Harvesting Systems4
FORT 579Forest Fire Control and Use2
NR 425Field Dendrology4
NR 506Forest Entomology4
NR 527Forest Ecology4
NR 542Forestland Measurement and Mapping1
NR 602Natural Resources and Environmental Policy4
NR 643Economics of Forestry4
NR 729Silviculture4
NR 749Forest Inventory and Modeling4
NR 782Forest Health in a Changing World4
NR 783Forest Communities of New Hampshire4
Plant Courses
BIOL 408Plants and Civilization4
BIOL 409Introductory Botany4
BIOL 510Mushrooms, Molds, and Mildews: Introduction to the Fungal Kingdom4
BIOL 566Systematic Botany4
BIOL 701Plant Physiology5
BIOL 720Plant-Animal Interactions4
BIOL 752Mycology4
GEN 774Techniques in Plant Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology4
HT 404Plant Propagation4
HT 554Sustainable Irrigation and Rain Harvesting3
HT 460Sustainable Plant Management4
SAFS 410A Taste of the Tropics4
SAFS 415Introduction to Brewing Art and Science4
SAFS 510Agriculture and Development in the Neotropics4
SAFS 601Fruit Crop Production4
SAFS 632Urban Agriculture4
SAFS 651Plant Pathology4
SAFS 679Food Production Field Experience I4
SAFS 680Food Production Field Experience II4
SAFS 689Greenhouse Management and Operation4
SAFS 760Insect Pest Management4